We built a Cordwood Education Center (also called the Cordwood Warming Shelter) at the Merrill School Forest in Merrill, Wisconsin that gradually morphed into a public school classroom along the way. The goal was to create a natural building using materials from the surrounding woods for students to warm up in on their winter hikes.
The result is a state code-approved, public school classroom that boldly demonstrates “best practice building” using sustainable methods. Many of these techniques can be used with other alternative building methods like strawbale, cob, earthen plaster, adobe and cobwood.
The building started with architectural drawings and blueprints. These were sent to the state capitol in Madison, Wisconsin to be assessed for code compliance We were pleased when they were approved. [Note: In the future, this tiny cabin may become a care-takers cottage and so “knock outs” were made during construction to provide for plumbing for a kitchen and a bathroom.]
The wood for the entire building (posts, cordwood, window boxes, paneling, trim) was cut within 1000 feet of the building site. We used tamarack (larch), pine, spruce and balsam. Crews of community volunteers from ages 4 to 80 turned out to help.
A Wood Mizer cut all the posts, beams and one-inch lumber.
For planning, we started with an architectural drawing.
A rubble trench is much messier in reality. This poor soil is called “goose nuggets.”
A 4″ perforated drain tile surrounds the foundation and carries the water away.
In order to satisfy code requirements, we topped it with a Frost Protected Shallow Foundation (FPSF). Five million of these foundations have been built in Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Finland and they are now approved in the USA and Canada. They work very well in cold climates, keeping the heat in the building and most are outfitted with radiant-in-floor heating systems. This type of foundation saves money by reducing materials and excavation costs.
The building was framed using heavy timbers of pine and tamarack (larch). The roof truss was built with a 14″ Energy Heel so that starched cellulose could be packed to the outside edge of the top plate, giving the roof an R-value of 53.
The high school construction classes and middle school students came to work and learn. They wanted to live and work here all semester.
Everybody pitched in. We had 90 volunteers and 180 folks who came to “have a look/see.” So, doing the math, for everyone who worked, two supervised :0)
The split-faced blocks are needed in this area because of the high snow depth (70″ per year) to protect the cordwood. The double posts allow for a 16″ wall, which not only provides an excellent thermal mass, but also an R-value of 24.
The sawdust mixed with lime provides a thermal break.
As the walls began to rise, the community came together to help.
Building the Big Dipper wall with seventeen volunteers.
Below, ready for the windows and doors as Autumn approaches.
The cup end of the dipper points to the North Star. “Follow the drinking gourd” was what Harriet Tubman sang to her escaping comrades.
The dedication was planned and celebrations took place. The Cordwood Education Center is now used every day by the students of the Merrill Area Public Schools. It is also used as a Warming Shelter by weekend skiers and hikers.
The students celebrate!
Watch a brief video about beavers at the Cordwood Education Center. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xh6uW663R88
The local and national media paid close attention to the project. Many other cabins, homes and cottages have been built using the Cordwood Education template.
Cordwood has a tremendous amount of “thermal mass” which means it has the capability of taking and holding and then releasing the warmth or coolness that has been introduced by passive or active means. In other words, your warm building will stay warm and if you cool it, it will stay cool:0)
Ready to welcome the students!
We host an annual Solar Tour of Homes and Businesses.
Best Practices used in this building.
- Rubble Trench
- FPSF (Frost Protected Shallow Foundation)
- Natural materials built-up (off grade)
- 16″ cordwood walls (R-24)
- Post & Beam Framework
- Energy Heel Truss
- Large Overhangs (2′ and 6′)
- Gutters to prevent splashback
- Metal Roof (to shed extreme snow load)
- Energy Efficient Windows and doors
- Passive Solar Design
- Natural materials sustainably and locally-harvested (posts/sawdust/cordwood/lumber)
- Random patterning of well-dried softwood
- 200 recycled bottles/stones/mementoes placed in the walls from the volunteers
Let’s be clear. Not everyone has to use all these best practices. They are simply listed for the owner/builders consideration. The choices you make will be based upon your time, talents and treasure.
Should you wish to learn how to build a cordwood cottage, cabin or home, please visit www.cordwoodconstruction.org While you are there, click on the pictures, read the brief articles, check out the latest workshops and newsletter and if you are interested click on the Online Bookstore to see all the cordwood literature available in print and ebook format.
If you have questions that aren’t answered on the website you can email me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Readers have requested a brief bio, so here goes:
“Richard & Becky Flatau built their mortgage-free cordwood home in 1979 in Merrill, Wisconsin. Since then, they have written books, conducted workshops, facilitated the 2011 and 2015 Cordwood Conferences and provided consultation for cordwood builders. Cordwood Construction: Best Practices DVD, Cordwood Construction Best Practices (print) and Cordwood Conference Papers 2015 are the newest publications available from their online cordwood bookstore.” www.cordwoodconstruction.org